Diabetes & hypertension can cause chronic kidney disease, adopting a healthy lifestyle with a balanced diet & physical activity essential
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) can cause long-lasting damage to the kidneys.
Unhealthy dietary habits and a sedentary lifestyle often contribute to life-altering chronic lifestyle conditions like diabetes and hypertension, which are the primary two reasons for CKD.
People suffering from CKD must always watch out for what they eat and drink because the kidneys fail to remove waste from the body. A diet good for the kidneys can keep you healthier for longer.
Take the necessary steps:
One of the main tasks of the kidneys is to eliminate waste and surplus fluid from the body. The kidneys also help in balancing the body’s minerals like salt and potassium, balance the body’s fluids, make hormones that affect how organs work and regulate blood pressure.
Depending on the stage of CKD, one has to limit some foods and fluids so that the waste doesn’t build up in the body. The proper proportion of protein, calories, vitamins and minerals must be consumed at the same time. There may be minimal, if any, dietary restrictions for CKD patients in the early stage. However, one must be extra careful about what s/he put in the body as the illness worsen.
Dietary needs for CKD patients:
It is essential to a adopt kidney-friendly diet that can prevent the kidneys from future harm. One also has to avoid certain types of foods and liquids to prevent an accumulation of fluids, minerals, and electrolytes in the body.
Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) consists of a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains and dairy products with low fat, fish, poultry, beans, seeds and nuts. It has fewer sodium, sugar, fat and red meat ingredients. One must refrain from alcohol and smoking.
Reach out to a nutritionist for a diet chart that suits the body’s needs, and goes well with the medication and health goals. Some of the suggestions from dietitians include:
• Reducing sodium content in the food
• Reduce the amount of calcium and phosphorus intake
• Less consumption of potassium
Today, inactivity among dialysis patients is known to be high.
Daily workout regime:
Along with a good diet, physical activities and a regular workout regime are important to keep a check on conditions like diabetes and hypertension as these good habits can reduce the risk of developing CKD.
Today, inactivity among dialysis patients is known to be high, despite data suggesting the therapeutic advantages of exercise in CKD patients. It is essential to have constant body movement as it can improve many health parameters of the patients.
Hence, regular physical exercise is mandatory for CKD patients, who can benefit from numerous exercise training interventions like:
• Training for aerobic activity
• Exercise for muscle
• Resistance exercise
• Flexibility exercises
A balanced diet along with good lifestyle changes are essential for keeping the kidneys safe and healthy.